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omar344

java.lang.RuntimeException: Unable to start activity ComponentInfo

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salut tt le monde, je suis un debutant sur android, et je suis entrain de créer une application qui utilise une base de données pré-remplie, mais j'ai une erreur dont je connais pas la source, mon code est le suivant:

MainActivity.java:

public class MainActivity extends TabActivity {

Cursor model = null;
TerrainAdapter adapter = null;
TextView nom = null;
TextView prenom = null;
TextView fonction = null;
terrainHelper helper = null;

@Override
public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
	super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
	setContentView(R.layout.main);

	helper = new terrainHelper(this);
	nom = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.nom);
	prenom = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.prenom);
	fonction = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.fonction);


	ListView list = (ListView) findViewById(R.id.terrains);

	model = helper.getAll();
	startManagingCursor(model);
	adapter = new TerrainAdapter(model);
	list.setAdapter(adapter);

	TabHost.TabSpec spec = getTabHost().newTabSpec("tag1");

	spec.setContent(R.id.terrains);
	spec.setIndicator("List", getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.list));
	getTabHost().addTab(spec);

	spec = getTabHost().newTabSpec("tag2");

	spec.setContent(R.id.details);
	spec.setIndicator("Details", getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.terrain));
	getTabHost().addTab(spec);

	getTabHost().setCurrentTab(0);

	list.setOnItemClickListener(onListClick);
}

@Override
public void onDestroy() {
	super.onDestroy();

	helper.close();
}
private AdapterView.OnItemClickListener onListClick = new AdapterView.OnItemClickListener() {

	public void onItemClick(AdapterView<?> parent, View view, int position, long id) {

		model.moveToPosition(position);

		nom.setText(helper.getNom(model));
		prenom.setText(helper.getPrenom(model));
		fonction.setText(helper.getFonction(model));

		getTabHost().setCurrentTab(1);
	}
};

class TerrainAdapter extends CursorAdapter {

	TerrainAdapter(Cursor c) {
		super(MainActivity.this, c);
	}

	@Override
	public void bindView(View row, Context ctxt, Cursor c) {
		TerrainHolder holder = (TerrainHolder) row.getTag();
		holder.populateFrom(c, helper);
	}

	@Override
	public View newView(Context ctxt, Cursor c, ViewGroup parent) {
		LayoutInflater inflater = getLayoutInflater();
		View row = inflater.inflate(R.layout.row, parent, false);
		TerrainHolder holder = new TerrainHolder(row);

		row.setTag(holder);

		return (row);
	}
}

static class TerrainHolder {

	private TextView ville = null;
	private TextView tache = null;

	TerrainHolder(View row) {
		ville = (TextView) row.findViewById(R.id.ville);
		tache = (TextView) row.findViewById(R.id.tache);

	}

	void populateFrom(Cursor c, terrainHelper helper) {
		ville.setText(helper.getNom(c));
		tache.setText(helper.getFonction(c));


	}
}
}

terrainHelper.java

class terrainHelper extends SQLiteOpenHelper {

//Le path des bases du system Android (attention au nom du package de l'appli).
private static String DB_PATH = "/data/data/com.abouchan.docs/databases/";
//nom de la base
private static String DB_NAME = "db.sqlite3";
// la base
private SQLiteDatabase myDataBase;
// le context
private final Context myContext;

/**
 * Constructeur
 *
 * @param context
 */
public terrainHelper(Context context) {

	super(context, DB_NAME, null, 2);
	this.myContext = context;
}

/**
 * On cré une base vide dans le system Android et on réécris dessus.
 * */
public void createDataBase() throws IOException {

	boolean dbExist = checkDataBase();

	if (dbExist) {
		//On fait rien - La base existe déja.
	} else {

		//By calling this method and empty database will be created into the default system path
		//of your application so we are gonna be able to overwrite that database with our database.
		this.getReadableDatabase();

		try {

			//Copie de la base
			copyDataBase();

		} catch (IOException e) {

			throw new Error("Erreur de copie de la base !");

		}
	}

}

/**
 * On Check la base pour voir si elle existe ou pas
 *
 * @return true si la base existe, false si elle existe pas.
 */
private boolean checkDataBase() {

	SQLiteDatabase checkDB = null;

	try {
		String myPath = DB_PATH + DB_NAME;
		checkDB = SQLiteDatabase.openDatabase(myPath, null, SQLiteDatabase.OPEN_READONLY);

	} catch (SQLiteException e) {
		//database does't exist yet.
	}

	if (checkDB != null) {

		checkDB.close();

	}

	return checkDB != null ? true : false;
}

/* (non-Javadoc)
 * @see android.database.sqlite.SQLiteOpenHelper#getReadableDatabase()
 */
@Override
public synchronized SQLiteDatabase getReadableDatabase() {
	return super.getReadableDatabase();
}

/**
 * On copie la base depuis le dossier assets dans le dossier system des bases sous android dans la base vide fraichement créé.
 *
 * */
private void copyDataBase() throws IOException {

	//On ouvre la base locale
	InputStream myInput = myContext.getAssets().open(DB_NAME);

	// On choisi l'endroit
	String outFileName = DB_PATH + DB_NAME;

	//On ouvre la base vide
	OutputStream myOutput = new FileOutputStream(outFileName);

	//On transfert...
	byte[] buffer = new byte[1024];
	int length;
	while ((length = myInput.read(buffer)) > 0) {
		myOutput.write(buffer, 0, length);
	}

	//On ferme ...
	myOutput.flush();
	myOutput.close();
	myInput.close();

}

/**
 *Fonction pour acceder à la base en mode lecture seul
 **/
public void openDataBase() throws SQLException {

	//Open the database
	String myPath = DB_PATH + DB_NAME;
	myDataBase = SQLiteDatabase.openDatabase(myPath, null, SQLiteDatabase.OPEN_READONLY | SQLiteDatabase.NO_LOCALIZED_COLLATORS);

}



@Override
public synchronized void close() {

	if (myDataBase != null) {
		myDataBase.close();
	}

	super.close();

}

@Override
public void onCreate(SQLiteDatabase db) {
	// On ne crées pas de base
}

@Override
public void onUpgrade(SQLiteDatabase db, int oldVersion, int newVersion) {
	// pas de mis a jour
}

// developper vos methodes d'acces à la base que vous appelerez dans la Main ETC....
public Cursor getAll() {
	return (myDataBase.rawQuery("SELECT nom, prenom, fonction FROM terrain ORDER BY nom ASC", null));

}

public String getNom(Cursor c) {
	return (c.getString(1));
}

public String getPrenom(Cursor c) {
	return (c.getString(2));
}
public String getFonction(Cursor c) {
	return (c.getString(3));
}
}

mon logcat:

ERROR	AndroidRuntime	FATAL EXCEPTION: main
ERROR	AndroidRuntime	java.lang.RuntimeException: Unable to start activity ComponentInfo{com.abouchan.docs/com.abouchan.docs.MainActivity}: java.lang.NullPointerException
ERROR	AndroidRuntime		at android.app.ActivityThread.performLaunchActivity(ActivityThread.java:1664)
ERROR	AndroidRuntime		at android.app.ActivityThread.handleLaunchActivity(ActivityThread.java:1680)
ERROR	AndroidRuntime		at android.app.ActivityThread.access$1500(ActivityThread.java:117)
ERROR	AndroidRuntime		at android.app.ActivityThread$H.handleMessage(ActivityThread.java:931)
ERROR	AndroidRuntime		at android.os.Handler.dispatchMessage(Handler.java:99)
ERROR	AndroidRuntime		at android.os.Looper.loop(Looper.java:130)
ERROR	AndroidRuntime		at android.app.ActivityThread.main(ActivityThread.java:3703)
ERROR	AndroidRuntime		at java.lang.reflect.Method.invokeNative(Native Method)
ERROR	AndroidRuntime		at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:507)
ERROR	AndroidRuntime		at com.android.internal.os.ZygoteInit$MethodAndArgsCaller.run(ZygoteInit.java:841)
ERROR	AndroidRuntime		at com.android.internal.os.ZygoteInit.main(ZygoteInit.java:599)
ERROR	AndroidRuntime		at dalvik.system.NativeStart.main(Native Method)
ERROR	AndroidRuntime	Caused by: java.lang.NullPointerException
ERROR	AndroidRuntime		at com.abouchan.docs.terrainHelper.getAll(terrainHelper.java:166)
ERROR	AndroidRuntime		at com.abouchan.docs.MainActivity.onCreate(MainActivity.java:54)
ERROR	AndroidRuntime		at android.app.Instrumentation.callActivityOnCreate(Instrumentation.java:1047)
ERROR	AndroidRuntime		at android.app.ActivityThread.performLaunchActivity(ActivityThread.java:1628)
ERROR	AndroidRuntime		... 11 more

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Comme l'indiquent les logs, tu as un NullPointerException dans la méthode getAll de terrainHelper, visiblement parce que l'attribut myDatabase de terrainHelper n'a pas été initialisé. Il faudrait sans doute que tu appelles par ex openDatabase avant d'appeler getAll ...

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